Audit of Wisconsin Works (W2) .The Legislative Audit Bureau of Wisconsin have issued this evaluation of the famous welfare to work scheme. They find that while employment has increased slightly, the jobs are often low paying. The numbers receiving assistance have decreased dramatically. The W2 scheme operates at a higher public cost than the previous AFDC programme. The report includes data on public expenditure and effect on outcomes (welfare caseloads, employment, and income of participants). is published by the Legislative Audit Bureau of Wisconsin.
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Minimum Wage. The minimum wage debate rages on in academia. Using UK data, Mark Stewart from Warwick University argues that the minimum wage has had either a zero or small positive effect on employment. See The Impact of the Introduction of the UK Minimum Wage on the Employment Probabilities of Low Wage Workers for more details. Conversely, Manfred Keil, Donald Robertson and James Symons, using US data, argue that the traditional view - that minimum wages cause unemployment - is correct.
By Centre for Economic Performance, US, UK.
Age Discrimination Laws - Lessons for the UK. Britain has committed itself to introducing age discrimination legislation. Zmira Hornstein reviews age discrimination laws in the US, Canada, and Australia. The UK faces several key choices in designing future policies. Should age discrimination be dealt with by the same agency as race and sexual discrimination? Should it permit employers to set mandatory retirement ages? How much power should it give the enforcement authorities? This summary of research is published by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation.
By Joseph Rowntree Foundation, UK.
Ethnic Differences in the Labour Market. Why do ethnic minorities earn less, become unemployed more and have less chance of reaching professional and managerial jobs? Discrimination, social class, poorer skills and educational qualifications all play a role. Ethnic Differences in the Labour Market: the role of education and social class origins disentangles fact from fiction. A companion piece, Ethnic Differences in the Labour Market: a comparison of the SARs and LFS, concludes that analysis based on the Labour Force Survey provides clear evidence that second generation immigrants to the UK have had educational experiences much more like British born white people than had been the case with the first generation. This points to racial discrimination as one of the main causes of labour market disadvantage. By Anthony Heath, Dorren McMahon and Jane Roberts.