Midlife Caregiving and Employment .Katharina Spiess and Ulrike Schneider find that starting or increasing informal caregiving is normally associated with a reduction in the number of hours worked per week. On the other side there does not appear a positive effect on hours worked for women terminating a caregiving spell or reducing care hours. This suggests that, among midlife women, reductions in work hours or exits from the labour force in order to provide care to family members are unlikely to be reversed after terminating care giving responsibilities. "Midlife Caregiving and Employment: An Analysis of Adjustments in Work Hours and Informal Care for Female Employees in Europe", is published by the ENEPRI .
By ENEPRI,Denmark, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, France, the UK, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Greece, Spain, Portugal, Austria, Finland, and Sweden.
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Social Mobility .This paper investigates the role of marriage in intergenerational social mobility in Britain. It finds, for example, that for some groups marrying up is still an important method of upwards social mobility. John Ermisch and Marco Francesconi also argue that richer parents pass on a large stock of social and intellectual capital to their children. "Intergenerational Social Mobility and Assortive Mating in Britain" is published by the Institute for Social and Economic Research. .
Participation Income .In this intriguing essay Carey Oppenheim outlines the philosophies guiding New Labour's approach to welfare reform in the UK. She then opens up the possibility of an alternative: participation income. Participation income would be a flat rate benefit paid to all those contributing to society: people working, carers, volunteers, retired people and those unable to work through disability. The end product would be a reform of the tax and benefit system to produce a type of basic income restricted to those participating in society. After briskly outlining the advantages, disadvantages and risks of such an approach she also raises the possibility of a couple of less ambitious alternatives such as extending the current UK tax credits system to include other activities such as caring is published by the Policy Network.
By Policy Network ,UK.
Social Mobility .Usually when measuring the level of inter- generational social mobility in a society researchers measure the social class status of the parents and their children. This paper uses a new way of measuring the social and human capabilities: a composite of education, recent work experience and occupational attainment. Preliminary results using this new technique can be found in "A New Measure of Social Position: Social Mobility and Human Capital in Britain" by Jonathan Gershuny is published by the Institute for Social and Economic Research.