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Employment

Gender Wage Gap

Gender Wage Gap. While the gender wage gap has reduced considerably in the U.S. since the late 1970s, in Denmark it has virtually stagnated over the same period. The authors show that the difference in the rates of convergence of the wage gaps in the two countries in this period can be explained by inter- country differences in the wage effects of observed skill prices and gender differences in selectivity. "Swimming Upstream, Floating Downstream: Trends in the U.S. and Danish Gender Wage Gaps" by Nabanita Datta Gupta, Ronald L. Oaxaca and Nina Smith.

 

By Centre for Labour Market and Social Research, Denmark, US.

Employment Policy Resource.


Regional Unemployment

Regional Unemployment. Petri Böckerman in "Unravelling the mystery of regional unemployment in Finland", discusses regional differences in unemployment and shows that a Schumpterian process of creative destruction is lowering the unemployment rate.

 

By Labour Institute for Economic Research, Finland.

Employment Policy Resource.


Labour Mobility in Europe

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Labour Mobility in Europe. Unemployment rates as well as incomes per capita differ vastly across the regions of Europe. Labour mobility can play a role in resolving regional disparities. This paper focuses on why labour mobility is low in the EU. "Factor Mobility and Regional Disparities: East, West, Home's Best?", by Richard Nahuis and Ashok Parikh.

 

By CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis, Netherlands.

Employment Policy Resource.


Moving from Education to Work

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Moving from Education to Work. The most outstanding feature of education in Germany is its extensive apprenticeship system: approximately two thirds of young people combine learning in schools with in-company training. This system of dual education is considered a main determinant of Germany?s high quality labour force and low youth unemployment. In the Netherlands, dual education also exists, but full-time education in schools is more popular. This paper analyses the labour market performance and the contents, organization and finance of dual vocational education for 13-16 year olds. "The match between education and work: What can we learn from the German apprenticeship system?" is by Corina den Broeder of the CPB - Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis. Also of interest is School to Work: Making a Difference in Education by Katherine Hughes, Thomas Bailey and Melinda Mechur (Institute on Education and the Economy) which examines the experience of the US under the School to Work Opportunities Act.

 

By CPB - Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis, Netherlands, US and Germany.

Employment Policy Resource.