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Welfare & Social Security

Great Swedish Pension Reform


Great Swedish Pension Reform How is Sweden seeking to balance inter-generational balance, basic income security, transparency and fiscal sustainability as it reforms its pensions (social security) system? Ole Settergren presents to the Cicero Foundation.


By Cicero Foundation. , Netherlands, Sweden .

Welfare and Social Security Policy Resource.

Benefit Sanctions and Unemployment

Benefit Sanctions and Unemployment. This paper investigates the effectiveness of benefit sanctions in reducing unemployment duration. Data from the Swiss labor market allow researchers to make a distinction between the effect of a warning that a person is not complying with eligibility requirements and the effect of the actual enforcement of a benefit sanction. Rafael Lalive, Jan C. van Ours and Josef Zweimuller find that both warning and enforcement have a positive effect on the exit rate out of unemployment. "The Effect of Benefit Sanctions on the Duration of Unemployment"is published by theInstitute for Labour Studies.


By Institute for Labour Studies , Netherlands, Switzerland .

Welfare and Social Security Policy Resource.

Midlife Caregiving and Employment

Midlife Caregiving and Employment .Katharina Spiess and Ulrike Schneider find that starting or increasing informal caregiving is normally associated with a reduction in the number of hours worked per week. On the other side there does not appear a positive effect on hours worked for women terminating a caregiving spell or reducing care hours. This suggests that, among midlife women, reductions in work hours or exits from the labour force in order to provide care to family members are unlikely to be reversed after terminating care giving responsibilities. "Midlife Caregiving and Employment: An Analysis of Adjustments in Work Hours and Informal Care for Female Employees in Europe", is published by the ENEPRI .


By ENEPRI,Denmark, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, France, the UK, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Greece, Spain, Portugal, Austria, Finland, and Sweden.

Welfare and Social Security Policy Resource.

Earned Income Tax Credit

Earned Income Tax Credit .In recent policy discussions in the Netherlands, the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) has been put forward as an instrument to reduce the unemployment rate among low-skilled workers. This article discusses the economic impact of different forms of the EITC. The analysis reveals that moderately targeting the EITC to the unskilled makes the instrument more effective in reducing unemployment. "An Earned Income Tax Credit in the Netherlands: Simulations with the MIMIC model" by Floor van Oers, Ruud de Mooij, Johan Graafland and Jan Boone of the CPB - Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.


By CPB - Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.. , Netherlands .

Welfare and Social Security Policy Resource.

Measuring Poverty

Measuring Poverty .Howard Glennerster outlines proposals to reform the official poverty line in the US - unchanged for the last 25 years. Different approaches - such as a poverty line based upon a budget standard (the ability to buy a basket of goods), or one based on a proportion of average income are discussed. He proposes an annual US Poverty Report based upon a range of poverty indicators. "US Poverty Studies and Poverty Measurement: The past 25 Years" is published by the Centre for the Analysis of Social Exclusion. For an excellent attempt to draw up an authoritative annual poverty report in the UK see the "Monitoring Poverty and Social Exclusion" series for 1998, 1999 and 2000 from the New Policy Institute.


By New Policy Institute ,US and UK.

Welfare and Social Security Policy Resource.

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