Great Swedish Pension Reform How is Sweden seeking to balance inter-generational balance, basic income security, transparency and fiscal sustainability as it reforms its pensions (social security) system? Ole Settergren presents to the Cicero Foundation.
By Cicero Foundation. , Netherlands, Sweden .
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Welfare & Social Security
Benefit Sanctions and Unemployment. This paper investigates the effectiveness of benefit sanctions in reducing unemployment duration. Data from the Swiss labor market allow researchers to make a distinction between the effect of a warning that a person is not complying with eligibility requirements and the effect of the actual enforcement of a benefit sanction. Rafael Lalive, Jan C. van Ours and Josef Zweimuller find that both warning and enforcement have a positive effect on the exit rate out of unemployment. "The Effect of Benefit Sanctions on the Duration of Unemployment"is published by theInstitute for Labour Studies.
By Institute for Labour Studies , Netherlands, Switzerland .
Welfare Reform: What Do Europeans Want? Lower taxes or better services? Should public spending be 30%, 40% or 50% of GDP? These questions are often posed but seldom answered. Welfare state reform: A survey of what Europeans want provides a carefully designed survey of people's opinions of their welfare states. The researchers find that people's responses are not driven by ideology but largely by the respondent's social and economic status. This paper comes with an appendix detailing unemployment support and pension schemes in each country together with details of the questionnaire. Also available is the dataset from the survey. By Tito Boeri, Axel Börsch-Supan and Guido Tabellini." is published by the Economic Policy
By Economic Policy ,France, Spain, Italy and Germany
Midlife Caregiving and Employment .Katharina Spiess and Ulrike Schneider find that starting or increasing informal caregiving is normally associated with a reduction in the number of hours worked per week. On the other side there does not appear a positive effect on hours worked for women terminating a caregiving spell or reducing care hours. This suggests that, among midlife women, reductions in work hours or exits from the labour force in order to provide care to family members are unlikely to be reversed after terminating care giving responsibilities. "Midlife Caregiving and Employment: An Analysis of Adjustments in Work Hours and Informal Care for Female Employees in Europe", is published by the ENEPRI .
By ENEPRI,Denmark, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, France, the UK, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Greece, Spain, Portugal, Austria, Finland, and Sweden.
Measuring Poverty .Howard Glennerster outlines proposals to reform the official poverty line in the US - unchanged for the last 25 years. Different approaches - such as a poverty line based upon a budget standard (the ability to buy a basket of goods), or one based on a proportion of average income are discussed. He proposes an annual US Poverty Report based upon a range of poverty indicators. "US Poverty Studies and Poverty Measurement: The past 25 Years" is published by the Centre for the Analysis of Social Exclusion. For an excellent attempt to draw up an authoritative annual poverty report in the UK see the "Monitoring Poverty and Social Exclusion" series for 1998, 1999 and 2000 from the New Policy Institute.
By New Policy Institute ,US and UK.