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Law and Order

Age Discrimination Laws - Lessons for the UK

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Age Discrimination Laws - Lessons for the UK. Britain has committed itself to introducing age discrimination legislation. Zmira Hornstein reviews age discrimination laws in the US, Canada, and Australia. The UK faces several key choices in designing future policies. Should age discrimination be dealt with by the same agency as race and sexual discrimination? Should it permit employers to set mandatory retirement ages? How much power should it give the enforcement authorities? This summary of research is published by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

 

By Joseph Rowntree Foundation, UK.

Law and Order Policy Resource.


Drugs

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Drugs. Use of illegal drugs is increasingly common, yet there has been little serious discussion of the underlying causes, or whether existing prevention policies are effective. This summary brings together findings from two inquiries that received support from the Joseph Rowntree Foundation and which were designed to consider how UK drugs policy should move forward. One of the key findings is that, in 1997-98, 75 per cent of the £1.4 billion committed to tackling drug misuse was spent on law enforcement. Treatment and rehabilitation programmes claimed 13 per cent, and 12 per cent went on education and prevention.

 

By Joseph Rowntree Foundation, UK.

Law and Order Policy Resource.


Girls and Exclusion from School

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Girls and Exclusion from School. The numbers of pupils excluded from school have been steadily increasing over recent years. Attention has focused on boys who form the vast majority of those formally excluded. This study, carried out by the New Policy Institute and the Centre for Citizenship Studies in Education, University of Leicester, examines girls' perceptions of school life and of the use of exclusion in its various forms, both official and unofficial. "Not a problem? Girls and school exclusion" by Audrey Osler, Cathy Street, Marie Lall and Kerry Vincent, is published by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation

 

By Joseph Rowntree Foundation, UK.

Law and Order Policy Resource.


Justice and Social Exclusion

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Justice and Social Exclusion. "The Future of Social Injustice in Britain: A New Mission for the Community Legal Service" provides a cool analysis of the gaping hole at the centre of the UK Labour Government's anti-poverty strategy. Access to justice can be crucial for the heavily indebted, those appealing against social housing authorities and people seeking to challenge rulings on the welfare benefits entitlements. The Lord Chancellor's Department, no friend of the poor, has removed public funding from many types of cases but hasn't used expenditure savings to promote access to justice. This paper by Jonathan Stein, an American legal activist, makes a series of proposals aimed at imbuing the Community Legal Service with a social justice mission.

 

By Centre for the Analysis for Social Exclusion, UK.

Law and Order Policy Resource.


Risk Factors Among Young People

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Risk Factors Among Young People. Research has identified factors in children's and young people's lives associated with an increased risk of problems at school, drug and alcohol misuse and criminal behaviour. Other factors protect them from difficulties, even when heavily exposed to risk. This evidence has established the potential for strategies to promote children's positive development, based on the risk and protection profile of the neighbourhoods where they live. "Youth at risk? A national survey of risk factors, protective factors and problem behaviour among young people in England, Scotland and Wales" by Sarah Beinart, Barry Anderson, Stephanie Lee and David Utting is published by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

 

By Joseph Rowntree Foundation, UK.

Law and Order Policy Resource.