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International Development

What are Iraq’s Benchmarks?

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What are Iraq’s Benchmarks?

15 May 2007. Thus far Iraqi leaders have rejected calls from Washington for a timetable to achieve certain benchmarks as a precondition for U.S. military and financial support. President Bush, too, had shied away from attaching strings—or political benchmarks in Baghdad—to the U.S. funding of his surge plan to secure central Iraq. But earlier this month, the president admitted “it makes sense to have benchmarks as a part of our discussion on how to go forward.” By Lionel Beehner, Staff Writer


By CFR USA.


International Development Policy Resource.


Tsunami Response: Lessons Learned

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Tsunami Response: Lessons Learned. On February 10, 2005, Oxfam America President Ray Offenheiser presented testimony to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee in which he outlined the lessons learned from the tsunami disaster response to date and called for the delivery of effective and appropriate aid to the tsunami survivors. Foremost in his recommendations are that aid programs be designed with input from the people whom they are intended to benefit, and that all programs meet internationally accepted Sphere standards for disaster relief.

 

By Oxfam USA, US.

International Development Policy Resource.


A Raw Deal for Rice Under DR-CAFTA

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A Raw Deal for Rice Under DR-CAFTA. The Free Trade Agreement between the United States and the Central American countries together with the Dominican Republic (DR-CAFTA) threatens the livelihoods of thousands of rice farmers in Central America. It opens the door to massive subsidized US rice exports at prices below the cost of production. If the Agreement is ratified and implemented, a flood of subsidized rice will displace thousands of Central American producers from the market. Only a few export and import companies will reap benefits. The dependence on food imports that DR-CAFTA will provoke may also worsen current levels of food insecurity for Central American countries. Oxfam fears that the implementation of DR-CAFTA will have a negative impact on poverty reduction in the Central American region.

 

By Oxfam USA, US.

International Development Policy Resource.


Small Scale Gold Mining in Cambodia

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Small Scale Gold Mining in Cambodia. Oxfam America has published Cambodia's first ever report on small-scale gold mining in Cambodia. The report was written by Mr. Sieng Sotham, the Director of the Department of Geology, General Department of Mineral Resources, Ministry of Industry, Mines and Energy. This report examines four of the nineteen known gold deposits. Using these four case studies the report illustrates the issues involving the use of toxic chemicals, the socio-economic factors and the lack of effective legislation.

 

By Oxfam USA, US.

International Development Policy Resource.


Undermining Access to Medicines: Comparison of Five US FTAs

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Undermining Access to Medicines: Comparison of Five US FTAs. The US government is using bilateral and regional free-trade agreements (FTAs) to impose unnecessarily stringent intellectual property standards on developing countries that go beyond World Trade Organisation (WTO) rules. These new higher standards favor the short-term commercial interests of US pharmaceutical companies, at the expense of public health in developing countries. Oxfam has analyzed a selection of key US FTAs: The provisions in these agreements go far beyond the obligations required by the WTO Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). The new "TRIPS-plus" obligations in the FTAs close off the public health safeguards available to WTO members under TRIPs and will restrict access to affordable medicines in developing countries.

 

By Oxfam America, US.

International Development Policy Resource.


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